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Permethrin for Dogs Complete: Is It Safe for Dogs?

Permethrin for dogs

Last Updated: February 28, 2024 by Lisa Melillo

In my career as a veterinary technician, I’ve witnessed the havoc that fleas and ticks wreak on dogs, causing not just irritation but serious health issues. These pests are more than a nuisance; they’re a threat to our pets and, by extension, our households. This has led me to explore various treatments, with permethrin for dogs standing out as a significant option for those seeking relief from these parasitic invaders.

Take, for example, a spirited Beagle named Charlie, who came into our clinic overwhelmed by fleas. His discomfort was palpable, and the infestation had begun to affect his overall well-being. Similarly, a gentle Labrador Retriever, Bella, suffered from tick-borne diseases, which are a stark reminder of the dangers these pests pose. These are not isolated incidents; they are common scenarios that pet owners face, highlighting the need for reliable preventive measures.

The search for effective prevention often leads pet owners to a variety of solutions. Among these, a standout option is the use of pyrethrin-based products, which owe their efficacy to Permethrin, a synthetic compound. When applied according to guidelines, this ingredient can offer a safe and effective defense against the external threats posed by fleas and ticks.

My experience has shown me the critical importance of following these guidelines to ensure our furry friends’ safety and health. As we explore the use of permethrin for dogs, I aim to provide a comprehensive review and guide, informed by both scientific research and firsthand experiences, to help pet owners make informed decisions about protecting their beloved pets from fleas and ticks.

Understanding Permethrin: Its Origins and Impact on Canine Care

Permethrin has become a cornerstone in the fight against fleas and ticks in dogs, offering a blend of efficacy and safety when used correctly. To appreciate its role in canine care, it’s essential to delve into its history, development, and the impact it has had on the pet care industry.

The Origins of Permethrin

Permethrin belongs to a class of chemicals known as pyrethroids, which are synthetic versions of pyrethrins. Pyrethrins are natural insecticides derived from the chrysanthemum flowers. The development of permethrin was aimed at creating a more stable and longer-lasting compound than its natural counterparts. This synthetic approach allowed for the broader application in pest control, including its use in veterinary medicine.

Product Development and Manufacturers

The development of permethrin from its chemical inception into a key ingredient in flea and tick prevention products has been characterized by rigorous studies. Introduced in the 1970s, permethrin was recognized for its potent insecticidal properties with minimal toxicity to mammals when used as directed. Various companies globally manufacture permethrin-based products for a range of applications, including pet care. Notably, brands like Bayer and Merck have developed formulations specifically designed for dogs, ensuring safety and effectiveness.

Release and Adoption in the Dog Industry

Since its release, permethrin has revolutionized the approach to managing fleas and ticks in dogs. Its adoption by the pet care industry was swift, thanks to its effectiveness in killing and repelling these pests. Over the years, permethrin-based products have evolved, offering pet owners various application methods, including topical solutions, collars, and sprays. This versatility has made it easier for dog owners to incorporate permethrin into their regular pet care routines.

Impact on Canine Health and Well-being

The introduction of permethrin for dogs has had a profound impact on improving canine health and well-being. By effectively controlling fleas and ticks, permethrin has reduced the incidence of flea and tick-borne diseases, which can be severe and even life-threatening. Its ability to provide long-lasting protection has also contributed to its popularity among pet owners and veterinarians alike, making it a staple in preventive pet care.

The Safety and Efficacy of Permethrin for Dogs

A common question among pet owners is, “Is permethrin safe for dogs?” Understanding the safety and effectiveness of permethrin is crucial for anyone looking to protect their pets from fleas, ticks, and other harmful insects. When used according to the guidelines, permethrin offers a powerful solution to pest problems, significantly reducing the risk of disease transmission to dogs.

How Permethrin Works

Permethrin is a synthetic chemical that acts as a neurotoxin to insects, effectively killing or repelling fleas, ticks, mosquitoes, chiggers, mites, and over 55 other types of insects. Its action disrupts the nerve cells of pests, leading to paralysis and death, thereby offering protection to your dog from the diseases these pests can carry, such as Lyme disease, Powassan virus, and West Nile virus.

Application and Duration of Protection

When applied to dogs, permethrin provides a robust defense against fleas and mosquitoes for up to 35 days and ticks for up to six weeks. This extended period of protection is particularly beneficial for keeping your pets safe during the peak pest seasons. Not only does Permethrin work on these insects but it also prevents chiggers, mites, and over 55 other kinds of insects from bothering your dog. 

The formulation of permethrin products for dogs is designed to be water-based, which minimizes any strong odors. This is due to the inclusion of petroleum distillates in the formula, which help in reducing the scent without compromising the product’s effectiveness. 

Safety Profile

The key to the safe use of permethrin for dogs lies in proper application and adherence to the product’s guidelines. Permethrin can be toxic to dogs when their owners have not followed directions or apply more than the recommended dosage. Overdosing can cause serious health problems for your dog.

It’s important to note that while permethrin is safe for dogs when used as directed, it is highly toxic to cats and aquatic life. Therefore, pet owners should exercise caution to prevent accidental exposure to these animals. Always ensure that the product is fully dried on your dog before allowing interaction with cats or other sensitive animals.

Another issue to be aware of is that Permethrin is toxic to cats. Cats are extremely susceptible to the toxic effects. Permethrin is only found in topical treatments so there is no danger of your cat accidentally eating your dog’s flea treatment. The danger lies in accidental contact. If your dog and cat share the same bedding, or you use it on a dog’s bandana and the cat rolls, licks, or plays with it when it was recently treated with Permethrin, this could kill your cat. However, all of this is applicable when the spray is still wet. Once the solution is dried, the dangerous effects for cats are reduced.

Permethrin is also toxic to fish and bees. It is not safe for dogs who have been treated with this product to go swimming in a pond or lake. The insecticide will leach into the water and pose a danger to the fish. 

Fleas, ticks, mosquitos, and other insects can jeopardize your dog’s health. As a dog owner, we have to find solutions to help keep our dogs healthy and happy. Consider using Permethrin to kill unwanted insects that may carry diseases and cause irritation and skin problems for your dog.

Considerations for Use

Before using permethrin on your dog, it’s advisable to consult with a veterinarian, especially if your dog has a history of skin sensitivities or other health concerns. The vet can provide guidance on the appropriate product and application method for your pet’s specific needs.

When addressing the question of “is permethrin safe for dogs,” the answer is yes, with the caveat that it must be used strictly according to the product’s instructions. Its efficacy in controlling a wide range of pests, combined with a favorable safety profile when properly applied, makes permethrin a valuable tool in maintaining the health and well-being of dogs. By protecting pets from pest-related diseases and minimizing their discomfort from bites and infestations, permethrin plays a critical role in comprehensive canine care.

Recommended Permethrin Products for Dogs 

In the world of canine care, especially in the fight against fleas and ticks, permethrin-based products are highly regarded for their effectiveness and safety when used as directed. Among the many options available, two products by Sawyer have earned praise for their ability to protect dogs from these unwelcome parasites. Here’s a detailed look at each product:

Sawyer Products Premium Permethrin Insect Repellent

Sawyer Products SP649 Premium Permethrin Clothing Insect Repellent Trigger Spray, 12-Ounce & SP657 Premium Permethrin Insect Repellent for Clothing, Gear & Tents, Trigger Spray, 24-Ounce

Product Description

 This 24 oz spray offers a permethrin-based formula designed to protect dogs against ticks, fleas, and other insects. It’s easy to apply and intended for external use on a dog’s fur and bedding.

Key Features

    • Long-lasting Protection: Ensures a durable barrier against ticks and fleas, keeping your pet comfortable and pest-free.
    • Versatile Use: Can be applied to dogs as well as their bedding and other frequented areas, enhancing overall environmental protection.
    • Safety Profile: Made to be safe for dogs when used according to the instructions, reducing the risk of adverse effects.

bottle of sawyer permethrin spray for dogs sitting on a fence

Sawyer Permethrin Insect Repellent for Dogs

Sawyer Products SP624 Permethrin, Permethrin for Dogs Insect Repellent Treatment

Product Description

Reflecting Sawyer’s dedication to pet health, this permethrin-based repellent can be directly applied to dogs. It’s crafted to control fleas, lice, and ticks, offering up to 35 days of protection against fleas and lice and up to 6 weeks against ticks.

Key Features

    • Extended Effectiveness: A single application provides long-term relief from fleas, lice, and ticks, offering convenience for pet owners.
    • Easy Application: The formula is designed for easy use, ensuring pet owners can seamlessly incorporate this treatment into their pet care practices.
    • Safety and Efficiency: Focuses on the health and comfort of pets, delivering an effective pest control solution while maintaining a safety profile suitable for dogs.

Opting for these permethrin-based treatments allows pet owners to give their dogs effective protection against pests, contributing significantly to their health and well-being. Always follow the product’s application instructions carefully and consult a veterinarian to ensure optimal care for your pet.

DIY Permethrin Application: A Step-by-Step Guide for Dogs

If you don’t want to go with the ready-to-spray product shown above, you can always buy your own container of concentrated Permethrin. You will need to apply a 10% concentration mixed with water. The 10% concentrated mix is safe for dogs, and has been taken into consideration that dogs may lick themselves after application.

Here are Sawyer’s recommended steps to apply Permethrin spray on dogs:

  • Begin spraying at the tail. Keep the dispenser moving rapidly and continue spraying forward until the entire body is covered. Make sure you coat the legs and underbelly.
  • As you are spraying, fluff the hair with your hand to ensure the spray penetrates the skin. Always wear protective gloves when applying.
  • Do not over-wet the dog with the spray. Be sure the spray reaches the skin but do not over-saturate.
  • Never spray the face or eyes.
  • Keep the spray away from genital areas.
  • Always ask your vet about using this product if your dog is pregnant, nursing, elderly, or has a medical condition.
  • Never use on cats and it may not be safe to use if you own cats.

Dipping for Fleas with Permethrin

A 10% solution of Permethrin can also be used for dipping as a flea solution. Use 2 ounces of Permethrin diluted with 3 gallons of water. Once mixed, you can dip, sponge, or spray your dog with the solution. Let the dog rest in a warm, dry place without toweling or rinsing. Wait at least 3 weeks before reapplying. As with spraying, consult your veterinarian if your dog is pregnant, nursing, elderly or taking medications for a medical condition.

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Monitoring and Managing Permethrin Sensitivity in Dogs

All pesticides may cause sensitivity after use. After using Permethrin, check for any signs of sensitivity in your dog. If he is displaying any symptoms, wash him with mild soap and rinse generously. If symptoms continue, call your veterinarian immediately. Some signs your dog is having a reaction to Permethrin may include the following:

  • Red, itchy, or irritated skin
  • Tremors in muscles
  • Lack of balance or uncoordinated movements
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Excessive drooling
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Seizures

After you have applied Permethrin, it should be dry about 2 hours after application. It is safe for your dog to go out into the rain once the product has dried completely. It is recommended that humans and any other pets stay out of the area where the dog was treated for 1 to 2 hours to ensure the spray has settled and dried.

If used for treating indoor pests, use the 10% solution and mix with 1.33 ounces for every gallon of water. For the best results, we recommend using this in conjunction with another form of prevention, such as flea and tick collars.

Weighing the Benefits Against the Risks

The decision to use permethrin as a pest control method for dogs involves balancing its substantial benefits against potential risks. Its effectiveness and convenience are clear, but they come with responsibilities towards the safety of pets, other animals, and the environment.

Advantages

  • Effective Pest Control: Permethrin is highly effective at repelling and killing fleas, ticks, mosquitoes, and over 55 other types of insects. This broad-spectrum efficacy helps protect dogs from various diseases transmitted by these pests.
  • Long-Lasting Protection: Products containing permethrin can offer protection for dogs against fleas and mosquitoes for up to 35 days and ticks for up to six weeks, reducing the frequency of application needed.
  • Versatility: Permethrin can be used in various forms, including sprays, spot-on treatments, and impregnated collars, offering flexibility in application based on the pet owner’s preference and the dog’s tolerance.
  • Safety: When used according to the product guidelines, permethrin is safe for dogs. The formulations are designed considering that dogs may lick themselves, minimizing the risk of adverse effects.

Disadvantages

  • Toxicity to Cats and Aquatic Life: Permethrin is highly toxic to cats and aquatic animals. Dogs treated with permethrin should be kept away from these animals until the product is completely dry to prevent accidental exposure.
  • Potential for Sensitivity Reactions: Some dogs may develop sensitivity to permethrin, exhibiting symptoms such as skin irritation, tremors, or more severe reactions. It’s important to monitor your dog for any signs of adverse effects after application.
  • Environmental Concerns: Permethrin can have detrimental effects on the environment, particularly on non-target species. Its use must be carefully managed to avoid contamination of water bodies and harm to beneficial insects.
  • Restrictions on Use: Not all dogs can safely be treated with permethrin. Puppies, pregnant or nursing dogs, elderly dogs, and those with certain medical conditions may require alternative pest control methods.

Essential FAQs on Permethrin Use in Dogs

Can Permethrin Be Used on All Dog Breeds?

Permethrin is generally safe for use on most dog breeds when applied according to the product’s instructions. However, some breeds may have a higher sensitivity to chemicals, including collies and other herding breeds, due to a genetic predisposition that affects their ability to metabolize certain drugs and chemicals. It’s crucial to consult with a veterinarian before using permethrin on these breeds to avoid adverse reactions. A vet can provide guidance on safe pest control alternatives if permethrin is not suitable for your dog. Always prioritize your pet’s health and safety by following professional advice tailored to your dog’s specific needs.

How Does Permethrin Compare to Natural Flea and Tick Remedies?

Permethrin offers a more potent and longer-lasting protection against fleas and ticks compared to many natural remedies. While natural options are appealing for their minimal chemical use, they often require more frequent application and may not provide the same level of efficacy in preventing pest-borne diseases. However, permethrin’s strength is also accompanied by the need for careful application to avoid toxicity, especially in sensitive animals. For pet owners concerned about chemical exposure, consulting with a veterinarian can help balance the desire for natural treatments with the need for effective pest control. Ultimately, the choice between permethrin and natural remedies should consider the pet’s health, lifestyle, and the local prevalence of pests.

Is It Safe to Use Permethrin on Puppies?

Permethrin products are generally not recommended for use on puppies under 12 weeks of age. Young puppies have more sensitive skin and a lower body weight, making them more susceptible to adverse reactions from chemical treatments. If you’re dealing with fleas or ticks on a young puppy, it’s best to consult with a veterinarian for the safest and most appropriate treatment options. There are specific products and methods designed for young animals that provide effective pest control without the risks associated with stronger chemicals. Always prioritize the health and safety of your puppy by choosing age-appropriate pest control solutions.

Can Humans Be Affected By Handling Dogs Treated With Permethrin?

Humans can safely handle dogs treated with permethrin once the product has dried completely. However, direct contact with the wet product should be avoided to prevent skin irritation or other potential reactions. Wearing gloves during application and washing hands thoroughly afterward can minimize exposure. If you or a family member has a known sensitivity to permethrin or other pesticides, take extra precautions when applying the product or interacting with a treated dog. As a general rule, ensuring the product is fully dry before cuddling or playing with your pet will help keep both humans and animals safe.

What Should I Do If My Dog Ingests Permethrin?

If you suspect your dog has ingested permethrin, it’s important to contact a veterinarian or an emergency pet poison hotline immediately. Symptoms of ingestion may include drooling, vomiting, tremors, and seizures, requiring prompt medical attention. Do not induce vomiting unless specifically instructed by a professional, as this can sometimes cause more harm. The veterinarian may recommend bringing your dog in for examination and treatment, which could include administering activated charcoal to absorb the toxin or providing supportive care for symptoms. Preventing access to treated areas and ensuring products are stored out of reach can help avoid accidental ingestion.

Final Woof

Permethrin for dogs stands as a powerful ally in the fight against fleas, ticks, and other pests that threaten our dogs’ health and comfort. While its efficacy in providing long-lasting protection is undeniable, the use of permethrin requires careful consideration of the specific needs and health conditions of each dog. It’s imperative for pet owners to consult with veterinarians before choosing permethrin-based products, especially for breeds known to have sensitivities, puppies, or dogs with health issues. Additionally, understanding the proper application methods and potential risks is crucial to ensure the safety of not only our canine friends but also other pets and family members.

By navigating the use of permethrin with informed caution and professional guidance, we can make the most of its benefits while minimizing risks, ensuring our dogs remain healthy, happy, and pest-free.

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7 thoughts on “Permethrin for Dogs Complete: Is It Safe for Dogs?”

  1. Tim Hanks

    Looking for good information to keep our dog safe from insects.

  2. Will Urban

    How long should I wait to use pemfrin after using sersto collar

    1. Just found this article! So helpful after i learned permethrin could be used pn dogs!. Just 1 question,when can i bath my dogs after application?

  3. kari vaughn

    I want to know if this will kill the infestation with one spray

  4. So the Sawyer brand uses the synthetic perythium? Your sure Sawyer’s is completely safe when used as directed for healthy dogs that have no health problems or are not pregnant or nursing? Do you use it on your dogs?

  5. Just wondering if I can use the product in my Lab’s ears. I used the prescription med for mites..to no avail..She shakes her head constantly…Thank yo so much for any info!

    1. Mr Fox

      Same for my dog and fthry kept saying give a shot of apaquil or the other histamine blocker then finally I asked the vet what would be the harm in treating it anyway. He said no harm and prescribed a common topical for ear/skin mites called Tresaderm it worked immediately.

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